Analysis of Groundwater Quality and its Impact on Human Health: A Review
Drinking water contaminations with pathogenic microorganism are one of the extreme threats to human health, especially in developing countries. The present study reveals the current condition of drinking water quality, presence of pathogenic microorganisms, physiochemical properties and its effect on public health in Punjab Province, Pakistan. The prime objective of this study is to examine drinking water contamination in various areas of Punjab province. Due to alarming growth of population, prompt industrialization, improper monument of sewage disposal the water quality is being deteriorated. The studies carried out in Punjab province clearly indicate that in maximum of the areas drinking water quality is now distorted to polluted water. Drinking water source such as ground water and surface water are infected with coliforms, poisonous metals and pesticides in the province. This extreme environmental problem leads to many diseases as well as death in the province. The quality standards for drinking water set by WHO are frequently ignored. The primary sources which contribute to deterioration of water quality includes such as, improper disposal of municipal waste, industrial effluents, and indiscriminate utilization of agrochemicals in agriculture. Major diseases associated with contaminated drinking water in Punjab are gastroenteritis, hepatitis, typhoid; diarrhoea, giardiasis intestinal worms, cryptosporidium infections, and infant deaths are caused by waterborne diarrhoea. There is an urgent need for mitigation steps to minimize further deterioration of water quality and safeguard the population from widespread waterborne diseases. It is dire need of hour to strictly implement various polices and guideline set by government and WHO for clean drinking water.