Foreign Policy Preferences of Pakistan: A Comparative Analysis 2008-2018
Pakistan’s geostrategic compulsions have made it necessary to align with a regional bloc during the beginning of Cold war alignment which coincided with independence of Pakistan. As a nascent state determined to carve its niche in global politics, Pakistan has always strived to balance India’s hegemonic designs in the region along with remaining a relevant part of the Islamic states’ bloc. Thus, Pakistan has remained a relevant part of the U.S. aligned group since independence. Moreover, due to geopolitical location and a volatile neighbourhood, Pakistan’s foreign policy orientation has remained security-driven. This paper deals with Pakistan’s foreign policy compulsions while sketching the basic contours of foreign policy during the tenure of Pakistan People’s Party and Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz governments. Though the linchpin has always remained his focus on overseas powers, which may assist Pakistan in its dire needs, the policy of not expanding diplomatic outreach to neighbouring countries has always remained in the weak position. Nevertheless, the changing international environment has resulted in changing objectives and goals of Pacific powers which in turn has raised the need for Pakistan to realign its foreign policy to suit its national interest. Moreover, there is a greater need for Pakistan to expand its diplomatic outreach to align its policy according to the changing international world.